"Use Candlestick Charts To Uncover Price Turning Points...
With Uncanny Accuracy"
andlestick charts display many patterns which are common to market tops and bottoms.
Start with the following reversal patterns, and you'll have a valuable tool for gaining a trading edge.
But first... a little background.
The Japanese developed candlestick charting as a forecasting tool to help them trade the rice markets. Although it is not exactly known when, the candlestick patterns seen today were probably first used in the early 1800s.
The candlestick and its shadows is based on four prices... the open, high, low and close for any given time period. The Yang candle is bullish where the close is higher than the open. The Yin candle is bearish... with the close being lower than the open.
The area between the open and close is called the Real Body. The space between the open and low (or high) and the close and high (or low) is the Shadow. If the open or close is the same as the high or the low, then there will be no shadow.
With the real body and shadows looking like a candle and its wick, it's easy to see how candlestick charting got its name.
"So, what are some of the
common reversal patterns?..."
The most prevalent candlestick formation is the Engulfing pattern. It is characterized by the second day's real body completely engulfing the first day's. The color of the first candle should show the trend of the stock... where the second day's candle must be the opposite color of the first. The shadows are not used. You'll want to verify this pattern by waiting for the next day's candle.
Click Here For Engulfing Candlestick Chart Examples
The Hammer (bullish) and Hanging Man (bearish) patterns are formed with a single candlestick. The real body is small and can be either color. The lower shadow is long... typically, three times the length of the real body. You should verify this pattern by waiting for the next day's candle.
Click For Hammer and Hanging Man Chart Examples
An excellent pattern for indicating a trend change or pause is the Harami. The stock should be in a strong trend. To be a valid pattern, the second real body must form completely inside the first. The color of the second candle needs to be the opposite of the first. Confirmation of this pattern is recommended.
Click Here For Harami Candlestick Charts
The Piercing Line (bullish) and Dark Cloud Cover (bearish) are similar to the engulfing pattern except the second candlestick should close at least halfway into the real body of the first... the further the close, the more valid the reversal. You may want to wait for the next day's candlestick for verification.
Piercing Line and Dark Cloud Cover Candlestick Charts
The Morning Star (bullish) and Evening Star (bearish) patterns span three candlesticks with the middle candle gapping below (above) the other two. For the pattern to be bullish, the third real body must close into the first real body and be opposite in color -- like the Piercing Line. Ideally, the second candle should gap below the first and third candles. The bearish Evening Star would be the exact opposite setup. No confirmation is required to validate this pattern.
Morning Star and Evening Star Candlestick Charts
The Inverted Hammer (bullish) and the Shooting Star (bearish) are hybrids of the Morning Star/Evening Star and the Hammer/Hanging Man patterns. The following day is critical for confirmation. The next day's bar will confirm the pattern... it may even look like the Morning Star or Evening Star.
Click For Inverted Hammer and Shooting Star Candlestick Charts
Using other indicators in conjunction with candlestick patterns will help you validate the likelihood of a reversal.
For a more detailed look at candlestick charting, purchase the following books...
Candle Power - Advanced Candlestick Pattern Recognition and Filtering Techniques for Trading Stocks and Futures
by Gregory L. Morris
Probus Publishing Company
Get This Book, Now!
Beyond Candlesticks - New Japanese Charting Techniques Revealed
by Steve Nison
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Get This Book, Now!
Charting Principles |
Forecasting Tools |
Trading Systems |
Charts In Action |
Market Commentary |
Online Newsletter | Bookstore
For the Record | Site Map